آشنایی با موسسه ISI

لیست مجلات ISI یا تامسون رویترز

لیست مجلات برتر تامسون رویترز که به انگلیسی thomson reuters master journal list خوانده می‌شود شامل مجلاتی است که پس از گذراندن برخی استانداردها مورد تأیید این موسسه قرار می‌گیرند. طبق گزارش وبسایت رسمی این موسسه در هر سال در حدود دوهزار مجله درخواست خود را برای این موسسه ارسال می‌کنند که از بین آن‌ها حدود ۱۰ تا ۱۲ درصد از مجلات پذیرفته شده و در لیست مجلات ISI قرار می‌گیرند. همچنین ممکن است مجلاتی که در سال‌های قبلی در این لیست قرار داشتند از لیست خارج گردند. برای ارزیابی یک مجله ملاک‌های زیر مورد بررسی قرار می‌گیرد:

– محتوای مجله: اینکه آیا مطالب مجله چیزی به دانش موجود می‌افزاید یا نه.

– تنوع بین‌المللی: یعنی موضوعات یک مجله تا چه میزان مربوط به مسائل بین‌المللی هستند.

– استانداردهای چاپ: مانند چاپ به موقع و مشخص بودن فرایند داوری‌ها.

– تحلیل استنادها: میزان استنادهای به مقالات هیئت تحریریه مجله.

تعیین ضریب اثر

ضریب اثر به این معنی است که یک مجله چه میزان در دنیای علم نفوذ دارد و در واقع نشانگر اعتبار یک مجله است. ضریب اثر به این صورت محاسبه می‌شود که ابتدا تعداد استنادهایی که در سال جاری به مقالات دو سال قبل آن مجله شده است محاسبه می‌گردد. سپس تعداد مقالات چاپ شده آن مجله در دو سال استخراج شده و عدد اول تقسیم بر عدد دوم می‌شود. برای مثال اگر می‌خواهید ضریب اثر مجله الف را در سال ۱۳۹۳ به دست آورید باید تعداد استنادهای سال‌های ۱۳۹۲ و ۱۳۹۱ را استخراج کنید (برای مثال ۳۰) و آن را تقسیم بر تعداد مقالات چاپ شده در این دو سال (برای مثال ۱۰) کنید که ضریب اثر ۳ به دست می‌آید.

Oil and Gas Law

Oil and gas law in the United States is the branch of law that pertains to the acquisition and ownership rights in oil and gas both under the soil before discovery and after its capture, and adjudication regarding those rights.
The law regulating oil and gas ownership in the U.S. generally differs significantly from laws in Europe because oil and gas are often owned privately in the U.S. as opposed to being owned by the national government in many other countries

Health Care and Social Law

Health law is the federal, state, and local law, rules, regulations and other jurisprudence among providers, payers and vendors to the health care industry and its patients; and delivery of health care services; all with an emphasis on operations, regulatory and transactional legal issues. Similarly, The Florida Bar defines it as “legal issues involving federal, state, or local law, rules or regulations and health care provider issues, regulation of providers, legal issues regarding relationships between and among providers, legal issues regarding relationships between providers and payors, and legal issues regarding the delivery of health care services.” [2][3] American University’s college of law, in health law and policy, divides health law into 4 areas: health care law (focused on treatment), public and population health law (focused on prevention), bioethics, and global health law.

Environment Law – Environmental and Natural Resources Law

Environmental law – or “environmental and natural resources law” – is a collective term describing the network of treaties, statutes, regulations, and common and customary laws addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment.

E-Commerce Law

Electronic commerce, commonly written as e-commerce, is the trading in products or services using computer networks, such as the Internet. Electronic commerce draws on technologies such as mobile commerce, electronic funds transfer, supply chain management, Internet marketing, online transaction processing, electronic data interchange (EDI), inventory management systems, and automated data collection systems. Modern electronic commerce typically uses the World Wide Web for at least one part of the transaction’s life cycle, although it may also use other technologies such as e-mail.

Data Protection Law

The Data Protection Act 1998 (DPA) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland which defines UK law on the processing of data on identifiable living people. It is the main piece of legislation that governs the protection of personal data in the UK. Although the Act itself does not mention privacy, it was enacted to bring British law into line with the EU data protection directive of 1995 which required Member States to protect people’s fundamental rights and freedoms and in particular their right to privacy with respect to the processing of personal data. In practice it provides a way for individuals to control information about themselves. Most of the Act does not apply to domestic use,[1] for example keeping a personal address book. Anyone holding personal data for other purposes is legally obliged to comply with this Act, subject to some exemptions. The Act defines eight data protection principles. It also requires companies and individuals to keep personal information to themselves.

Aerospace Law

The Master of Laws Advanced Studies Programme in Air and Space Law in provides an international and European perspective on Public Air Law, Private Air Law and Space Law. It is one of only a few programmes in the world offering this kind of specialization, and is embedded in the Law School’s renowned International Institute for Air & Space Law.

Adoption Law

Adoption is a process whereby a person assumes the parenting of another, usually a child, from that person’s biological or legal parent or parents, and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities, along with filiation, from the biological parent or parents. Unlike guardianship or other systems designed for the care of the young, adoption is intended to effect a permanent change in status and as such requires societal recognition, either through legal or religious sanction. Historically, some societies have enacted specific laws governing adoption; where others have tried to achieve adoption through less formal means, notably via contracts that specified inheritance rights and parental responsibilities without an accompanying transfer of filiation. Modern systems of adoption, arising in the 20th century, tend to be governed by comprehensive statutes and regulations.